The impact of individually spaced kānuka trees on pasture production, pasture botanical composition, and soil condition

This project was led by Tom Mackay-Smith while doing his PhD at Massey University.

It explored the impact of individually spaced kānuka on pasture production, pasture species composition, and soil condition in New Zealand hill country.

Results of this project include:

  • 108% more green dry matter production under kānuka trees compared to open pasture.

  • 49% more organic matter under the trees.

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